Home Insights How Aussies live – and where – has shifted dramatically, but not entirely

How Aussies live – and where – has shifted dramatically, but not entirely

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Many of the first results of the 2021 census have been published, showing that in the last five years, Australia has seen the fastest increase in residential housing in at least 20 years.

The number of occupied homes increased by more than 12%, equivalent to just under 2.4% per year, much faster than the cumulative increase of 6.7% seen between 2011 and 2016.

VETTANOM Aerial view of main road

Where and how Australians choose to live is changing.Photo: Getty


It also reduces growth by only 3% between 2006 and 2011. That’s only 0.6% per year over the last five years.

Data from the 2021 census show that newly built apartments have driven much of their growth.

The number of apartments living on census nights has increased by more than 20% over the last five years. This is compared to the 11% growth in single-family and semi-detached homes.

It’s still active, but much slower than the unit’s growth.

but, Rapid growth of apartment lifeAustralia housing stock is still Overwhelming It consists of a single house.

A bit of backyard dominates the best

According to the 2021 census, 73% of all private homes occupied in the country were single-family homes.[1] Its share has declined over the last two decades, from 77% in the 2001 census.

But its decline has only created a small dent in the dominance of single-family homes.

The number of apartments we move in is growing rapidly, but most of the apartments we build are still detached houses.

Over the last two decades, the number of occupied homes has increased from 6.9 million to 9.2 million.[2] Of that 2.3 million increase, single-family homes accounted for about 1.4 million, or 60%, of the increase.

Not surprisingly, most of these 2.3 million new homes are built in the eastern states of Australia’s population.

Where we chose to live

Of the new homes in the last 20 years, 54% are in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, and 78% are in the three largest states, including the surrounding area.

This is a little over their share of the population.

Over the last two decades, new single-family homes have been built primarily outside the city, usually more than 30km from the CBD.

That’s not surprising. Single-family homes require land, and there is little undeveloped land available near the city center.

The development of new single-family homes is also expanding considerably.

Approximately 38 of Australia’s more than 350 SA3 regions have built more than 10,000 new single-family homes over the last two decades. And together, these 38 areas still occupy only half of all new single-family homes.

The development of a new apartment many Be more focused.

Only 10 areas occupy half of the new apartments in the last 20 years, all of which are geographically small areas.

Melbourne City alone occupies a tenth of new apartments in the last 20 years.

Not surprisingly, these areas are mainly in the city center, especially Melbourne and Brisbane.

In Melbourne, 44% of the newly occupied apartments in the city over the last 20 years have been built within 31 square kilometers of the city of Melbourne.

Including the area around Yarra, including Fitzroy, Richmond, the outskirts of Abbotsford and Port Phillip, this share grows to 62% of all new apartments in Melbourne.

The pattern is similar in Brisbane. The Inner and Inner North areas, which combine the areas from CBD and New Farm to New Market and Ascot, occupy 52% of the newly occupied apartments in Brisbane.

Living trends in Sydney are a little different from elsewhere in the country.Photo: Getty


However, Sydney is a little different.

Unlike Melbourne and Brisbane, many Sydney apartments are built in the middle ring area, 10 to 30 km from the city centre.

This applies not only to the suburbs such as Parramatta, Auburn, Kogarah, and Ride, but also to areas other than the central area, such as Strathfield, Burwood, Ashfield, Chatswood, and Mascots, which are short distances in the range of 5km to 10km. It is said that.

These are the main transportation corridor areas, but within walking distance of the CBD.

Much, much more needed

Australia’s population is set to continue to grow over the next 20 years and we will continue to need more and more new homes.

We are already on the road.

In the last two years The boom in single-family home constructionDriven by the HomeBuilder scheme, records low interest rates.

But as our cities continue to grow and land is scarce, apartments, single-family homes, and the increased densities they bring, More and more important..

If we are serious about working on affordable housing, building newer homes where people want to live will be important in the next 20 years.

And you can’t plan for the future without knowing where people live and how it’s changing. Therefore, the census is of great value to public policy.


[1] “Other” (caravans, improvised homes, tents / sleeping cars, etc.) and dwelling types are not listed.

[2] As with the rest of this article, these numbers do not include homes without a property type and “other” homes.

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