Home Buying & Selling How Does the Home Appraisal Process Work for Buyers?

How Does the Home Appraisal Process Work for Buyers?

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Home appraisal is a fair expert opinion on the value of a home based on the recent sale of a nearby property.

But who would rate your home?

The appraisal is done by an independent third party appraiser contracted (often by the mortgage lender) to establish the value of the property. This will give you a report on the condition of the property and its fair market value. In the evaluation, in the case of rehabilitation, the “current” value and the “target” value can also be established. In other words, it means judging its value. now (As is) and what it should be worth After renovation (subject).

You only need to complete the appraisal if you want to buy or refinance your property with a loan. However, in order to establish the value after repair (ARV), it is highly recommended to complete the property appraisal even if you purchased the property with all cash.


Details of the rating from Bigger Pockets


What is the Home Appraisal Process?

You don’t have to look for an appraiser personally (unless you’re buying with all cash). However, you need to track the process to ensure that you protect your real money.

Start the lending process

As soon as you sign the property, contact the mortgage lender to start the lending process. I usually send an email as soon as a signed purchase agreement is signed.

Since it can take several weeks to complete the appraisal, the lender will immediately collect the appraisal payment and order the appraisal through a third party appraisal service. The lender does not even determine who the appraiser is.

Please note the deadline

Make sure the evaluation is scheduled before you mark the calendar. Remember that purchase contracts have a deadline and you don’t want to lose the hard earned money just because it’s overdue.

Professional tips: Usually, sellers are already interested in the appraisal process and the extent of the real estate appraisal, but make sure they are involved in the process and are fully aware of when the appraisal will take place. They will want to do their best to help you achieve the value you need to close.

Prepare in advance

The appraiser prepares a packet to assist the process. Includes 3-5 “as-is” comps (comparative) sold in the area over the last 6 months. When making a “target” assessment, include the proposed construction budget and the 3-5 “target” comps sold in the last 6 months. The appraiser may or may not use your packet. However, this can be useful if they are not familiar with the area or if you want to better understand the level of rehabilitation you are trying to do.

Extend the deadline (if necessary)

After confirming that the appraisal is complete, contact the lender to see when the report will be returned. If you need to extend the appraisal challenge deadline, get a real estate agent to obtain a signed amendment and extension contract so that you can protect your full-fledged money.

Check the rating

Check with your realtor when you receive the assessment report. Congratulations if you meet or exceed the required valuation. If not, there are some things to do.

How much does a home appraisal cost and how long does it take?

This amount depends on the type of property being valued, but it is generally accepted that a typical single-family home valuation costs $ 300 to $ 450. If your home is much larger than the average home, it can take more time to measure and evaluate the entire area, so it can cost more to evaluate the property.

Also, if the house is severely damaged, the appraiser will have to work harder and expect to pay more. If your property has seasonal challenges or conditions, it can also affect your rates.

Home evaluation from the seller’s point of view

If the room is dirty or cluttered, the appraiser may not be able to accurately determine the condition of the house. Too many rooms can make the room feel small or hide the improvements you want to consider in your assessment. Here are some confusions to watch out for:

  • Especially bedroom clothing. Clothing must be cleaned up in the closet, cupboard or secretariat. You don’t want them to be on the floor or bed or scattered.
  • In the kitchen, the counter should be clean. You’ll want to store the appliance in a cabinet and put away all the dishes on the day of the evaluation. It’s also a good idea to fix the walls (that is, paint and wallpaper).
  • Living rooms often suffer from the lack of good lighting and the misuse of space. Sort the furniture a little. Let’s see what opens the room and what closes the room. Choose the one that looks the best in your room. If possible, remove the old furniture and replace the old bulb with a new one.

If you plan to upgrade your home before checking it, such as its appearance, keep a folder containing the documentation for those upgrades. Because you need to see what you’ve done at home, you can take a photo before and after the photo, keep a receipt, display the cost, and present it to the appraiser. Did you add a central cooling unit or fence to your backyard over time? Did you pay the contractor to do this job? If so, keep those invoices and permits. Remember that only permanent upgrades are counted in the valuation.

If the appraiser comes home within a few weeks, you don’t have time to add another room or set up a patio in your backyard. However, there are many small upgrades you can make to your home that can increase the value of your home. Start with these affordable and quick ideas.

  • Replace the hardware. Cabinet and drawer handles can rust and become dirty over time. Replacing them will take a little longer than in the afternoon, but it can add considerable aesthetic value to your home.
  • Remodel the ceiling. Is your home a relic of the 80’s? If so, you may have a popcorn ceiling. You can add value to your home by removing it. This can be annoying, but it’s a relatively cheap refurbishment and can gain higher market value.
  • Add a kitchen back splash. It’s a fun way to improve the look and feel of your kitchen. Did the appraiser come in just a few days? You can use the peel and stick back splash to add color and avoid working with grout.
  • If you have a little more time, consider more intensive refurbishments, such as adding hardscapes or replacing older appliances. However, please 100% affirm that these modifications will be completed prior to the evaluation. The last thing you want is that your home will be in the construction zone when your appraiser arrives.

Investigate comparisons where the number of rooms and bathrooms are similar, the locations are similar, and the overall square foot is a neighborhood home similar to yours. Surveying these homes will help you understand what you can expect from an appraiser.

Before you rate your home, make sure everything works. Repair what is not. For example, test your heating and cooling system and how long it takes for your house to reach a certain temperature, and check your home security system to make sure your code works and your system works.

Another important step is to check the windows and doors of your house. Open and close them and check the locks to make sure they are not warped or cracked. We test all appliances in the home, from dishwashers to ovens to ceiling fans. Everything needs to be working. Otherwise, it may affect the valuation and thus the selling price.

If your rating is inadequate, the transaction is not closed yet. There are several ways to solve this:

step 1: Check the report for any errors. If so, please contact the mortgage lender before filling out the assessment opposition form.

Common errors are bedrooms, bathrooms, garages, missing square feet, and incorrect comp usage. In my personal deal, I’ve seen no bedrooms, bathrooms excluded, and square feet not taken into account.

Step 2: Check the comparison target used by the appraiser. Were they in the right area? You can include notes and suggested comps in the lender’s assessment opposition form.

Step 3: Schedule time to talk to the appraiser and get verbal feedback and comments.

Most importantly, always respect during the process. The last thing you want to do is create a stalemate in the appeal process.


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Home evaluation from the buyer’s point of view

Let’s say the appraiser has increased the value. Even if the appraiser does not, there are several options for closing the deal.

Professional tips: If you’ve done everything you can to increase your value, it’s time to consider trading from another direction. Return to the seller and negotiate a reduction in the purchase price. You can offer the seller a low rating to substantiate your claim.

First, you and the seller must agree on a purchase price. Hopefully they agree to lower the purchase price to meet the rating. Easy-Easy!

However, if the seller does not lower the purchase price, he will not be able to proceed with the transaction unless he quotes the contingency of the appraisal objection and brings additional funds to conclude or break the purchase agreement (1 in the offer). If you include one). As long as you do this within the appraisal contingency window, this should fully protect your serious money. Alternatively, you can find another way to close a transaction by using another loan product (such as a hard money loan) or by finding your personal money.

You cannot select an appraiser, but some third-party appraisers can request that an appraiser be excluded from the appraisal. Therefore, it may be worth asking other investors in your area if there is a list of problematic appraiser candidates and submitting these names to your lender before the appraisal takes place. not.

Housing evaluation from the perspective of refinancing people

Lenders want to know the value of real estate, so a home appraisal is needed. They don’t want to get stuck in assets that are far less valuable than the loans they extend to it.

The appraiser will look at the property and determine the final value of the house. This is primarily done by comparing the subject property to a similar property that was recently sold in the immediate vicinity.

The lender in which you have your loan initiates a request for a real estate appraisal. With the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act, the order of housing valuations has changed. The lender has little or no contact with the appraiser until the work is complete, so there is no “excessive impact” on the appraiser to rate the home at a particular price.

After the appraiser inspects the home and compares it to the recently sold property, it creates a report showing an estimate of the value of the home. The report includes a specific address used as a comparable property to evaluate the home, a description of the actual target property, a map showing the location of the home, a photo of the property, and an overview of the current real estate market.

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