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Compass’ Cash Burn Continues As They Strive To Break Even

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This article was reprinted with the permission of Mike DelPrete.

The results are in and Compass burned $143 million in cash during Q4 2022, leaving the company with a cash balance of $362 million.

Why it matters: With a clearly articulated goal of reaching breakeven after billions in losses, 2023 is Compass’ seminal make-or-break year.

  • Despite another quarter of high cash burn, the company appears to be positioned to achieve breakeven in 2023 after massive cuts made over the previous 12 months.
  • Even in a much softer market, Compass’ Q4 2022 cash burn is less than a year ago, a reflection of the cuts already made to the business.

Compass started 2023 with a cash balance of $362 million — which includes a $150 million drawdown from its revolving credit facility

  • Without that additional loan, Compass’ cash balance would have been $212 million — dangerously low for a company that just burned $143 million in a quarter.

The key to breakeven is Compass’ ability to reduce its non-GAAP operating expenses (OpEx), primarily achieved through layoffs.

  • OpEx has dropped significantly over the past six months and is on track to drop further through the rest of the year.
  • It appears that Compass is aiming for OpEx of around $950 million for 2023, down about 30 percent from $1.35 billion in 2022.

It’s fair to say that any brokerage, Compass included, falls apart if it’s unable to recruit or retain agents.

  • For the first time, Compass’ agent count has gone flat, reflecting the challenging market environment for agents (fewer transactions = fewer agents).
  • Yes, but: It takes several data points to create a trend, and most brokerages are seeing a similar slowdown in agent count growth.

Analysis time: Assuming Compass’ national market share and revenue per transaction remain consistent with 2022, we can see what needs to be believed for the company to reach breakeven in 2023.

  • Compass’ current non-GAAP operating expense target of $950 million suggests that 4.5 million transactions in the national market are necessary to give Compass the revenue and gross profit necessary to break even for the year.
  • A bear case of 4 million transactions would require Compass to cut an additional $100 million of operating expenses to reach breakeven.
  • Please note: these are back-of-the-envelope calculations that provide directionality, not certainty.

What to watch: Like other brokerages, Compass only has so many levers to pull to reach breakeven.

  • On the revenue side, the company is considering franchising as a less-expensive growth strategy, and will be trying to accelerate its mortgage joint venture.
  • If the market remains soft and revenue drops, the only option is to cut even more costs out of the business.

The bottom line: Compass is not alone in needing to cut costs during a significant market downturn — its future depends on it.

  • The company dipped into its “emergency reserve” last quarter — $150 million from its revolving credit facility — for the home stretch to profitability.
  • It appears that Compass has made the deep cuts necessary to achieve breakeven this year, as long as nothing else unexpectedly goes wrong.

Mike DelPrete is a strategic adviser and global expert in real estate tech, including Zavvie, an iBuyer offer aggregator. Connect with him on LinkedIn.

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